C. : Plant energy biology (RIA)
Proposals will advance our understanding of the plant energy system in terms of elucidating specific mechanisms as well as the complex processes and interactions that determine overall energy efficiency in plants.
More specifically work will allow to better understand and determine
- (some of) the various components, processes and interactions of plants’ energy system and their regulation - from energy capture to its conversion, transport, photoassimilate partitioning and use
- the metabolic reactions underlying particular functions of plants’ energy system
- responses of the energy system to abiotic changes (e.g. CO2 concentration, light, temperature, water, salinity)
- the basis of naturally occurring variation of selected components of the energy system
- the overall energy efficiency in plants at various levels: cell – whole plant – canopy (including leaf anatomy and canopy structure)
- trade-offs between the efficiency of the energy system and the plant's susceptibility to or tolerance to biotic stresses
The above listed elements provide a framework for action from which proposals can choose a particular scope and approach in line with the broader objectives of the call.
While capitalising on knowledge resulting from work in model species, proposals should also work in crop species taking into account relevant agronomic conditions.
The Commission considers that proposals requesting a contribution from EUR 5 million for sub-topic C would allow this specific challenge to be addressed appropriately. Nonetheless, this does not preclude submission and selection of proposals requesting other amounts.
Results of funded activities will help to create knowledge hubs in their respective domains and develop specific pathways to feed biological insight into agricultural (husbandry, crops) and aquaculture practices.
In the short to medium term work will:
- allow to better understand the key mechanisms, interactions and control of the various components of plants’ energy biology system as well as their inherent trade-offs at the subcellular and whole plant level (sub-topic C)
- help to better assess plant responses to abiotic changes (sub-topic C)
- elucidate energy related traits to feed into breeding and crop management strategies at the level of individual plants and the canopy (sub-topic C)
- advance knowledge on the relationship between photoassimilate partitioning, plant growth and agronomic yield (sub-topic C)
In the long term activities will allow making more solid assertions on how crops will respond and can possibly better adapt to changing environments, also by means of enhancing plant energy efficiency to optimise productivity of plants.
Illustration Photo: Plant captured sunlight (credits: Peter Hackney / Flickr Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC 2.0))